دانلود کتاب شیمی آلی ولهارد انگلسی
Chapters 1 through 5 lay the foundation for making this connection. In particular, Chapter 1 shows how electronegativity is the basis for polar bond formation, setting the stage for an understanding of polar reactivity. Chapter 2 makes an early con nection between acidity and electrophilicity, as well as their respective counterparts, basicitynucleophilicity. Chapter 3 relates the structure of radicals to their relative stability and reactivity. Chapter 4 illustrates how ring size affects the properties of cyclic systems, and Chapter 5 provides an early introduction to stereochemistry. The structures of haloalkanes and how they determine haloalkane behavior in nucleophilic substitution and elimination reactions are the main topics of Chapters 6 and 7. Subsequent chapters present material on functional-group compounds according to the same scheme introduced for haloalkanes: nomenclature, structure, spectroscopy, preparations, reactions, and biological and other applications. The emphasis on structure and function allows us to discuss the mechanisms of all new important reactions concurrently, rather than scattered throughout the text. We believe this unifi ed presentation of mechanisms benefi ts students by teaching them how to approach understanding reactions rather than memorizing them.
عنوان: کتاب شیمی آلی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۳۷۴