کتاب شیمی آلی ولهارد انگلیسی

کتاب شیمی آلی ولهارد انگلیسی

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قیمت: رایگان

تعداد نمایش: 358 نمایش

حجم فایل: 50.90M

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تاریخ ارسال: 8 آوریل 2019

به روز رسانی در: 8 آوریل 2019

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Chapters 1 through 5 lay the foundation for making this connection. In particular, Chapter 1 shows how electronegativity is the basis for polar bond formation, setting the stage for an understanding of polar reactivity. Chapter 2 makes an early con nection between acidity and electrophilicity, as well as their respective counterparts, basicitynucleophilicity. Chapter 3 relates the structure of radicals to their relative stability and  reactivity. Chapter 4 illustrates how ring size affects the properties of cyclic systems, and Chapter 5 provides an early introduction to stereochemistry. The structures of haloalkanes and how they determine haloalkane behavior in nucleophilic substitution and elimination reactions are the main topics of Chapters 6 and 7. Subsequent chapters present material on functional-group compounds according to the same scheme introduced for haloalkanes: nomenclature, structure, spectroscopy, preparations, reactions, and biological and other applications. The emphasis on structure and function allows us to discuss the mechanisms of all new important reactions concurrently, rather than scattered throughout the text. We believe this unifi ed presentation of mechanisms benefi ts students by teaching them how to approach understanding reactions rather than memorizing them.

 

 

مشخصات فایل:
عنوان:     کتاب شیمی آلی
نویسنده:  ولهارد
تعداد صفحات:    ۱۳۷۴
زبان:  انگلیسی

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